Cartel Digest

Photocopy Paper

Photocopy Paper
  Overall Cartel Period 2000-2004
  Participants Asia Pulp & Paper Co. Ltd.; Advanced Paper Co., Ltd.; UPM-Kymmene Changshu Paper Industry Co. Ltd.; PT Indah Kiat Pulp and Paper Tbk; APRIL Fine Paper Trading Pte Ltd. and APRIL International Marketing Services Australia Pty Ltd.
  Total Fines (DOJ) No fines imposed
  Total Fines (EC) No fines imposed

Between 2000 and 2004, several photocopy paper manufacturers who sold their products in the Asia-Pacific region met and formed a price-fixing cartel that referred to itself as the “AAA Club” (“Tripla A Club”).  Both the Korea Fair Trade Commission (“KFTC”) and the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission launched investigations into the cartel activity, which included AAA Club meetings where systematic, sophisticated, and long-running cartel arrangements were made regarding supply in specific countries including Australia and Korea.  Between 2008 and 2011, both agencies’ investigations ultimately led to fines imposed on the cartel members.
 
Enforcement Highlights

  • Australia’s Federal Court imposed fines totaling $8.2 million AUD on three of the photocopy paper producers participating in the cartel.
  • The KFTC imposed fines totaling ₩3.9 billion on four photocopy paper producers, including two sanctioned by the Federal Court in Australia.
Korea
Company Fine Date
Indah Kiat Pulp & Paper Tbk ₩ 2.3 billion
APRIL Fine Paper Trading Pte. Ltd. ₩ 657 million
Advance Paper Co., Ltd. ₩ 461 million
UPM-Kymmene Changshu Paper Industry Co. Ltd. ₩ 491 million
Australia
Company Fine Date
Asia Pulp & Paper Co. Ltd. $ 3.4 million 02/28/2011
PT Indah Kiat Pulp and Paper Tbk $ 800,000 02/28/2011
APRIL Fine Paper Trading Pte Ltd. and APRIL International Marketing Services Australia Pty Ltd. $ 4 million 02/03/2010