|Overall Cartel Period||1992-2005|
|Participants||Sasol; Total; ExxonMobil; Hansen & Rosenthal; MOL Nyrt; RWE; ENI SpA; Shell; Tudapetrol; Repsol|
|Total Fines (DOJ)||No fines imposed|
|Total Fines (EC)||€676 million|
In 2005, the European Commission (“EC”) launched raids on manufacturers of paraffin wax, which is used in such consumer products as candles, paper cups, chewing gum, adhesive and as an ingredient in tires and other car components. The raids also targeted slack wax, the raw ingredient used to produce paraffin wax. During the last year of the infringement, the paraffin wax market was worth an estimated €500 million. The EC found that, from 1992 to 2005, paraffin wax manufacturers engaged in market allocation and price fixing as part of a cartel referred to as the “paraffin mafia” or the “Blauer Salon” (“blue room”), named after the hotel bar in Germany in which the first cartel meeting occurred.
- The EC imposed fines totaling €676 million on ten companies.
- Sasol’s fine was increased by 50% for acting as the leader of the cartel.
- ENI and Shell’s fines were increased by 60% because they had previously participated in cartel activity, but Shell was ultimately granted full immunity as the first company to provide the EC with information about the cartel.
|Sasol||€ 318.2 million||10/01/2008|
|Total||€ 128.1 million||10/01/2008|
|ExxonMobil||€ 83.5 million||10/01/2008|
|Hansen & Rosenthal||€ 24 million||10/01/2008|
|MOL Nyrt||€ 23.7 million||10/01/2008|
|RWE||€ 37.4 million||10/01/2008|
|ENI SpA||€ 29.1 million||10/01/2008|
|Tudapetrol||€ 12 million||10/01/2008|
|Repsol||€ 19.8 million||10/01/2008|