Cartel Digest

International Cartels

The below table is a comprehensive list of all international cartels with significant enforcement activity over the past 30 years. The table can be sorted by columns.

Click on a cartel to go to the cartel page.

Industry Overall Cartel Period Participants Total Fines (DOJ) Total Fines (EC)
Acrylic Glass (methacrylates) 1997-2002 Arkema SA/Elf Aquitaine SA/Total SA (group referred to as Atofina); Imperial Chemicals Industries PLC; Lucite International Ltd.; Quinn Barlo Ltd.; Degussa AG No fines imposed €344.6 million
Aftermarket Auto Lights 2000-2008 Sabry Lee Inc.; Maxzone Vehicle Lighting Corp. $48.2 million No fines imposed
Air Cargo 2001-2006 Societe Air France/KLM Royal Dutch Airlines; Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd.; British Airways Plc.; Japan Airlines International Co., Ltd.; Qantas Airways Ltd.; Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd.; SAS Cargo Group A/S; Martinair Holland NV; Cargolux Airlines International SA; Asiana Airlines Inc.; Nippon Cargo Airlines Co., Ltd.; LAN Cargo S.A. / Aerolinhas Brasileiras S.A.; EL AL Israel Airlines Ltd.; Singapore Airlines Cargo Pte Ltd.; Northwest Airlines LLC; Polar Air Cargo LLC; China Airlines Ltd.; All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd.; EVA Airways Corp.; Cielos Airlines; Arrow Air, Inc; South Winds Cargo; Malaysia Airlines Cargo Sdn Bhd $1.7 billion €799.3 million
Air Passenger 2000-2006 Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd.; British Airways Plc; Asiana Airlines Inc.; All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd. $523 million No fines imposed
Animal Feed Phosphates 1969-2004 Yara Phosphates Oy, Kemira Oyj, and Yara Suomi Oy; Tessenderlo Chemie NV; FMC Foret SA, FMC Chemicals Netherlands B.V., and FMC Corp; Quimitecnica.com, Comericio e Industria Quimica SA; Jose de Mello SGPS SA; Ercros Industrial SA; Timab Industries SA, Compagnie Financiere et de Participation Roullier No fines imposed €175.4 million
Automobile Parts 1996-2012 Aisan Industry Co. Ltd. Aisin Seiki Co. Ltd. Autoliv Inc. Bosch Electrical Drives Co., Ltd. Bridgestone Corp. Calsonic Kansei Corporation Continental Automotive Electronics LLC Continental Automotive Korea Ltd. DENSO Corp. Denso Korea Electronics Corporation Denso Korea Automotive Corporation Denso Korea Automotive Corporation Diamond Electric Mfg. Co. Ltd. Espar Inc. Fujikura Ltd. Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd. Furukawa Automotive Systems Inc. G.S. Electech Hitachi Automotive Systems Ltd. Hitachi, Ltd. Hitachi Metals Ltd. Ichikoh Industries, Ltd. JTEKT Corporation Koito Manufacturing Co. Ltd. Koyo Australia Pty Ltd Leoni Wiring Systems France SAS Leoni AG Mitsuba Corporation Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO) Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. Nachi-Fujikoshi Corp. NGK Spark Plug Co. Ltd. Nippon Seiki Co. Ltd. NSK Australia Pty Ltd NSK Ltd. NTN Corporation Panasonic Corp. Riverside Seat Co Robert Bosch GmbH Sanden Corp. Schaeffler Korea Showa Corp. Stanley Electric Co. Ltd. Sumitomo Electric Industries Sumitomo Electric Wiring Systems (Europe) Ltd. SW Foam LLC S-Y Systems Technologies France SAS S-Y Systems Technologies Europe GmbH T.RAD Co. Ltd. Takata Corp. Tokai Rika Co. Ltd. Toyo Tire & Rubber Co. Ltd. Toyoda Gosei Co. Ltd. TRW Deutschland Holding GmbH Valeo Japan Co. Ltd. Woodbridge Foam Fabricating Inc. Yamada Manufacturing Co. Yamashita Rubber Co. Ltd. Yazaki Corporation Yazaki Europe Ltd. $2.5 billion €1.1 billion
Bananas 1 2000-2002 Dole Food Co., Inc.; Internationale Fruchtimport Gesellschaft Weichert & Co. KG and Fresh Del Monte Produce, Inc.; Chiquita Brands International Inc. No fines imposed €60.3 million
Bananas 2 2004-2005 Chiquita Brands International Inc.; Pacific Fruit No fines imposed €8.9 million
Bathroom Equipment Manufacturers 1992-2004 Artweger; Cisal; Dornbracht; Duravit; Duscholux; Grohe; Hansa; Ideal Standard; Kludi; Mamoli; Masco; RAF; Roca; Sanitec; Teorema; V&B; Zucchetti No fines imposed €622.2 million
Bearings 1998-2015 NSK Ltd. and NSK Korea Co., Ltd. (commercial sales, steel facilities, small-size bearings) JTEKT Corporation and JTEKT Korea Co., Ltd. (commercial sales, steel facilities) Nachi Fujikoshi Corp. (commercial sales) Schaeffler Korea Corporation (commercial sales) Hanwha (commercial sales) Minebea Co., Ltd. and NMB Korea Co., Ltd. (commercial sales and small sized ball bearings) $13.5 million No fines imposed
Calcium Carbide and Magnesium Based Reagents 2004-2007 Akzo Nobel NV / Carbide Sweden AB; Almamet GmbH; Donau Chemie AG; ECKA Granulate GmbH & Co. KG/non ferrum Metallpulver GmbH & Co. KG; Novácke chemické závody a.s./1.garantovaná a.s.; SKW Stahl-Metallurgie Holding AG/ARQUES Industries; SKW Stahl-Metallurgie GmbH; Evonik Degussa GmbH; Holding Slovenske elektrarne d.o.o. No fines imposed €61.1 million
Car Glass 1998-2003 Asahi Glass Co., Ltd.; La Compagnie de Saint-Gobain SA; Pilkington Group Ltd.; Soliver NV No fines imposed €1.3 billion
Carbon Cathode Block 1996-1997 Anchor Industrial Products Inc.; Nippon Electrode Company Ltd.; VAW Carbon GmbH $2 million No fines imposed
Carbonless Paper 1992-1995 Arjo Wiggins Appleton plc; Bolloré SA; Carrs Paper Ltd.; Distribuidora Vizcaina de Papeles SL; Mitsubishi HiTech Paper Bielefeld GmbH; Papelera Guipuzcoana de Zicuñaga SA; Papeteries Mougeot SA; Papierfabrik August Koehler AG; Sappi Ltd.; Torraspapel SA; Zanders Feinpapiere; No fines imposed €271 million
Cathode Ray Tube Glass 1999-2007 Samsung Corning Precision Materials Co., Ltd.; Hankuk Elelctric Glass Co., Ltd.; Nippon Electric Glass Co., Ltd.; Nippon Electric Glass (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd. No fines imposed €128 million
Cathode Ray Tubes and Color Display Tube 1996-2006 Samsung SDI Company; Chunghwa Picture Tubes Ltd.; Chunghwa Picture Tubes (Malyasia) Sdn. Bhd.; CPTF Optronics Co., Ltd.; LG Philips Display Korea Co., Ltd.; Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.; LG Philips Display Korea Co., Ltd.; MT Picture Display (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd.; MT Picture Display (Thailand) Co., Ltd.; P.T. LP Displays Indonesia; P.T. MT Picture Display Indonesia; Samsung SDI (Malaysia) $32 million €1.4 billion
Chemical Additives (Initiators) 2007-2013 Seki Arkema Dongsung Hichchem Kayaku Akzo Corp. PMC Biogenix Korea No fines imposed No fines imposed
Concrete Reinforcing Bars 1989-2000 Alfa Acciai SpA; Feralpi Holding SpA (formerly Feralpi Siderurgica SpA); Ferriere Nord S.p.A; IRO Industrie Riunite Odolesi SpA; Leali S.p.A and Acciaierie e Ferriere Leali Luigi SpA; Leali SpA; Lucchini SpA and S.P. SpA (formerly Siderpotenza SpA); Riva Fire SpA (formerly Riva Acciaio SpA); Valsabbia Investimenti SpA and Ferriera Valsabbia SpA No fines imposed €83.2 million
Consumer Detergents 2002-2005 Henkel AG & KGaA; Proctor & Gamble Co. and Proctor & Gamble International Sarl; Unilever PLC and Unilever NV No fines imposed €315.2 million
Copper Fittings 1988-2001 Mueller Industries Inc.; Aalberts Industries NV; IMI plc; Delta plc; Advanced Fluid Connections plc; Tomkins plc/Pegler Ltd.; FRA.BO S.p.A.; Viega GmbH & Co. KG; Legris Industries SA; SAHNA Kaimer GmbH & Co. KG; Aquatis France SAS/Simplex Armaturen + Fittings GmbH & Co. KG; Flowflex Holdings Ltd. No fines imposed €314.7 million
DRAM 1998-2002 Micron Technology Inc.,Micron Europe Ltd., & Micron Semiconductor GmbH; Infineon Technologies AG; Hynix Semiconductor Inc.; Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.,; Samsung Semiconductor; NEC Corp.; Hitachi Ltd.; Mitsubishi Electric Corp. ; Toshiba Corp. & Toshiba Electronics Europe GmbH; Elpida Memory Inc. (joint venture between NEC Corp. and Hitachi Ltd.); Nanya Technology Corp. $729 million €331.1 million
Electrical Carbon Products 1988-2002 Le Carbone Lorraine SA; Schunk GmbH and Schunk Kohlenstofftechnik GmbH; SGL Carbon AG; Hoffman & Co. Elektrokohle AF; C. Conradty Nürnberg GmbH; Morgan Crucible Co. plc; Morganite Inc.; The Morgan Crucible Company; Morganite Canada Corp. $11 million €101.5 million
Elevators & Escalators 1995-2004 ThyssenKrupp AG and ThyssenKrupp Elevator AG; Otis Elevator Co. and United Technologies Corp.; KONE Corp.; Schindler Holding Ltd.; Mitsubishi Elevator Europe BV No fines imposed €832.3 million
Envelope 2003-2008 PRINTEOS, S.A., TOMPLA SOBRE EXPRES, S.L., TOMPLA SCANDINAVIA AB, TOMPLA FRANCE SARL and TOMPLA DRUCKERZEUGNISSE VERTRIEBS GMBH (Tompla) HOLDHAM S.A. (Hamelin) Edlef Bartl Holding GmbH, mayer-network GmbH and Mayer-Kuvert-network GmbH (Mayer-Kuvert) GPV France SAS and Heritage Envelopes Ltd. (GPV) Bong AB, Bong Sverige AB, Bong Belgium S.A., Bong U.K. Ltd. and Bong GmbH (Bong) No fines imposed €19.5 million
Fax Paper 1991-1992 Mitsubishi Paper Mills Ltd.; New Oji Paper Co., Ltd.; Kanzaki Specialty Papers; Mitsubishi International Corp.; Mitsubishi Corp.; Elof Hansson Paper & Board Inc.; Honshu Paper Co. $6.7 million No fines imposed
Flat Glass 2004-2005 Asahi Glass Co., Ltd.; Guardian Industries Corp.; Pilkington Group Ltd.; La Compagnie de Saint-Gobain SA No fines imposed €486.9 million
Food & Feed Additives (Choline Chloride) 1992-1998 Akzo Nobel NV; BASF AG; UCB SA No fines imposed €66.3 million
Food & Feed Additives (Citric Acid) 1991-1995 Archer Daniels Midland Co.; Haarmann & Reimer Corp.; F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd.; Cerestar Bioproducts BV; Jungbunzlauer International AG $105.4 million €135.2 million
Food and Feed Additives (Lysine) 1992-1995 Archer Daniels Midland Co.; Ajinomoto Co., Inc.; Kyowa Hakko Kogyo Co., Ltd.; Sewon America Inc.; Cheil Jedang Ltd. $91.6 million No fines imposed
Freight Forwarders 2002-2007 EGL Inc.; Kuhne + Nagel International AG; Geologistics International Management; Panalpina World Transport Ltd.; Schenker AG; BAX Global Inc.; Kintetsu World Express Inc.; Hankyu Hanshin Express Co., Ltd; Nippon Express Co., Ltd.; Nissin Corporation; Nishi-Nippon Railroad Co., Ltd.; Vantec Corporation; MOL Logistics Co., Ltd.; CEVA Freight (UK) Limited, and EGL, Inc.; DHL Global Forwarding (UK) Limited & Deutsche Post AG; Exel Freight Management (UK) Limited & Exel Limited; Schenker Limited; UPS Supply Chain Solutions, Inc. $120 million €169 million
Gas Insulated Switchgear 1988-2004 Siemens AG; ABB Ltd.; ALSTOM (Société Anonyme); AREVA T&D SA; Fuji Electric Holdings Co., Ltd.; Hitachi Ltd.; Schneider Electric SA; Siemens Transmission & Distribution Ltd.; Japan AE Power Systems No fines imposed €733.9 million
Graphite Electrodes 1992-1998 SGL Carbon AG; UCAR International Inc.; Tokai Carbon Co., Ltd.; Showa Denko K.K.; VAW Aluminum AG; SEC Corp.; Nippon Carbon Co., Ltd.; Carbide/Graphite Group, Inc. $437.1 million €218.9 million
Hydrogen Peroxide & Perborates 1994-2001 Akzo Nobel NV and EKA Chemicals AB; Akzo Nobel Chemicals International BV; Degussa AG; Edison SpA; FMC Corp. and FMC Foret SA; Kemira Oyj; L'Air Liquide SA and Chemoxal SA;Snia SpA and Caffaro Srl; Solvay SA/NV; Arkema SA/Elf Aquitaine/Total SA $72.9 million €388 million
Industrial Diamonds 1991-1992 De Beers Centenary AG $10 million No fines imposed
Interest Rate Derivatives (EIRD) 2005-2008 EIRD: Barclays, Deutsche Bank, Société Générale, RBS No fines imposed €1 million
Interest Rate Derivatives (Swiss Franc Bid-Ask Spreads) 2007-2007 RBS, UBS, JP Morgan, Credit Suisse No fines imposed €32.3 million
Interest Rate Derivatives (Swiss Franc LIBOR) 2008-2009 RBS, JP Morgan No fines imposed €61.6 million
Interest Rate Derivatives (YIRD) 2007-2010 UBS, RBS, Deutsche Bank, JP Morgan, Citigroup, RP Martin No fines imposed €669.7 million
International Auction House Services / Fine Arts Auction Houses 1993-2000 Sotheby's Holdings Inc.; Christie's International plc $45 million €20.4 million
International Ocean Shipping Services 2000-2012 Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Ltd., Wallenius Wilhelmsen Logistics, AS, Nissan Motor Car Carrier Co., Ltd, Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd., Compañía Sudamericana de Vapores S.A. $136 million No fines imposed
Isostatic Graphite 1993-1998 Carbone of America Industries Corp.; Toyo Tanso USA Inc.; SGL Carbon AG; Le Carbone-Lorraine SA; Ibiden Co., Ltd.; Tokai Carbon Co., Ltd.; Toyo Tanso Co., Ltd.; GrafTech International, Ltd.; NSCC Techno Carbon Co., Ltd. and Nippon Steel Chemical Co., Ltd.; Intech EDM BV and Intech EDM AG $11.7 million €51.4 million
Large Commercial Cargo Vehicles 2002-2011 Hyundai Motor Company, Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicle Company, Daewoo Songdo Development Co., Ltd, Daimler Trucks Korea Ltd., MAN Truck & Bus Korea Ltd., Volvo Group Korea Co., Ltd, Scania Korea Ltd. No fines imposed No fines imposed
Lithium Ion Battery Cells 2007-2008   $11.8 million No fines imposed
Magnetic Iron Oxides (MIO) 1995-1998 Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha Ltd. $5 million No fines imposed
Marine Construction and Transportation 1990-1997 HeereMac v.o.f.; Dockwise NV; Dockwise U.S.A. $65 million No fines imposed
Marine Hose 1986-2007 Bridgestone Corp. and Bridgestone Industrial Ltd.; Yokohama Rubber Co., Ltd.; Dunlop Oil & Marine Ltd., ContiTech AG, and Continental AG; Trelleborg Industrie SAS and Trelleborg AB ; Parker ITR and Parker Hannifin Corp.; Manuli Rubber Industries SpA $40.3 million €131.5 million
Monochloroacetic Acid (MCAA) 1993-1999 Akzo Nobel NV Arnhem; Akzo Nobel Chemicals BV; Atofina SA (now Arkema SA); Clariant GmbH/Clariant AG; Hoescht AG; Elf Atochem SA $29 million €216 million
Nucleotides 1988-1998 Ajinomoto Co., Inc.; Takeda Chemical Industries Ltd.; Daesang Corp.; Daesang Japan Inc.; Cheil Jedang Corp. $9.1 million €20.5 million
Ocean Freight Industry 2005-2011 ECU Line Canada Inc. Overseas Container Forwarding, Inc. No fines imposed No fines imposed
Optical Disk Drives 2007-2008 Hitachi-LG Data Storage Inc. $21.1 million No fines imposed
Organic Peroxides 1971-1999 Akzo Nobel NV Arnhem; Atofina SA; AC Treuhand AG; Peroxidos Organicos SA; Degussa UK Holdings Ltd.; Elf Atochem SA.; Peroxid Chemie GmbH & Co. KF $5 million €69.5 million
Paraffin Wax 1992-2005 Sasol; Total; ExxonMobil; Hansen & Rosenthal; MOL Nyrt; RWE; ENI SpA; Shell; Tudapetrol; Repsol No fines imposed €676 million
Parcel Tanker Shipping 1998-2002 Odfjell Seachem AS; Jo Tankers BV; Stolt-Nielsen $62.3 million No fines imposed
Photocopy Paper 2000-2004 Asia Pulp & Paper Co. Ltd.; Advanced Paper Co., Ltd.; UPM-Kymmene Changshu Paper Industry Co. Ltd.; PT Indah Kiat Pulp and Paper Tbk; APRIL Fine Paper Trading Pte Ltd. and APRIL International Marketing Services Australia Pty Ltd. No fines imposed No fines imposed
Plasterboards 1992-1998 Societe Lafarge SA ; BPB PLC; Gebrüder Knauf Westdeutsche Gipswerke KG; Gyproc Benelux NV No fines imposed €478.5 million
Plastic Additives & Heat Stabilisers (Tin Stabilisers) 1987-2000 Akzo Nobel NV; Elf Aquitaine SA; Baerlocher; Chemtura Corp.; Reagens SpA; AC-Treuhand AG No fines imposed €43.8 million
Plastic Additives / Heat Stabilizers (ESBO/ Ester) 1991-2000 Akzo Nobel NV; Elf Aquitaine SA; Chemson Corp.; Chemtura Corp.; Faci SpA; AC-Treuhand AG No fines imposed €47.3 million
Polyester Polyols 1998-2002 Bayer Corporation $33 million No fines imposed
Polyester Staple 1999-2002 Arteva Specialties S.a.r.l. $28.5 million No fines imposed
Polyurethane Foam 2005-2010   $114 million No fines imposed
Power Transformers 1999-2003 Siemens AG; ABB Ltd.; ALSTOM (Société Anonyme) and AREVA T&D SA; Fuji Electrics Holding Co., Ltd.; Hitachi Ltd.; Toshiba Corp.; AW Tyree Transformers Pty Ltd.; Schneider Electric; Wilson Transformers Co. P/L No fines imposed €67.6 million
Prestressing Steel 1984-2002 ArcelorMittal; Emesa/Galycas/ArcelorMittal; GlobalSteelWire/Tycsa; Proderac; Companhia Previdente/Socitrel; Fapricela; Nedri/HIT Groep; WDI/Pampus; DWK/Saarstahl; voestalpine Austria Draht; Rautaruukki/Ovako; Italcables/Antonini; Redaelli; CB Trafilati Acciai; I.T.A.S.; Ori Martin/Siderurgica Latina Martin; Emme Holding No fines imposed €269.9 million
Refrigerant Compressors 2004-2007 Panasonic Corp.; Embraco North America Inc.; Embraco Europe S.r.l and Whirlpool S.A.; Danfoss A/S and Danfoss Flensburg GmbH; Appliances Components Companies S.p.A. and Elettromeccanica S.p.A.; Tecumseh Products Company Inc., Tecumseh do Brasil Ltda. and Tecumseh Europe S.A. $140.9 million €161.1 million
Rubber Chemicals 1995-2002 Bayer AG; Crompton Corporation $116 million €75.9 million
Smart Card Chip 2003-2005   No fines imposed €138 million
Sodium Chlorate 1994-2000 Akzo Nobel and EKA Chemicals; Erikem Luxembourg SA and Finnish Chemicals Oy ; Elf Aquitaine SA and Arkema France SA; Uralita SA and Aragonesas Industrias y Energia SAU No fines imposed €79.1 million
Sodium Erythorbate 1992-2012 Pfizer Inc. No fines imposed No fines imposed
Sodium Gluconate 1987-1995 Akzo Nobel Chemicals B.V.; Glucona B.V.; Roquette Frères; Jungbunzlauer International A.G.; Haarmann & Reimer Corporation $30.4 million €57.2 million
Sorbates 1979-1996 Nippon Gohsei Industries, Ltd.; Ueno Fine Chemicals Industry Ltd.; Daicel Chemical Industries, Ltd.; Eastman Chemical Company; Hoechst AG $132 million €138 million
Specialty Graphite 1993-1998 SGL Carbon AG; Le Carbone-Lorraine SA; Ibiden Co., Ltd.; Tokai Carbon Co., Ltd.; Toyo Tanso Co., Ltd.; GrafTech International, Ltd.; NSCC Techno Carbon Co., Ltd. and Nippon Steel Chemical Co., Ltd.; Intech EDM BV and Intech EDM AG $11.8 million €51.4 million
Steel Abrasives 2003-2010 Ervin, Winoa, Metalltechnik, Eisenwerk No fines imposed €30.7 million
Synthetic Rubber (BR/ESBR) 1996-2002 ENI SpA and Polimeri Europa SpA; Shell; Unipetrol a.s. and Kaucuk a.s.; Bayer AG; Dow; Trade-Stomil Ltd. No fines imposed €407 million
Synthetic Rubber (NBR) 2000-2002 Bayer AG; Zeon Chemicals Corp. $14 million €34.2 million
Synthetic Rubber (Polychloroprene) 1999-2002 Syndial SpA; Dupont Dow Elastomers LLC; Bayer AG; Denka Chemicals GmbH; E.I. Dupont de Nemours and Company; ENI SpA and Polimeri Europa SpA; Tosoh Corp. $93 million €217.3 million
TFT-LCD 2001-2006 LG Display Co., Ltd.; Sharp Corp.; Chunghwa Picture Tubes Ltd.; Chi Mei Optoelectronics Corp.; HannStar Display Corp.; Epson Imaging Devices Corp.; Hitachi Displays Ltd. $1.4 billion €648.9 million
USAID Construction 1988-1996 Bilhar International Establishment; ABB Middle East & Africa Participations AG; American International Contractors Inc.; Philipp Holzmann AG $141 million No fines imposed
Vitamins 1989-1999 F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd. and F. Hoffman-La Roche AG; BASF AG; Takeda Chemical Industries Ltd.; Eisai Co., Ltd.; Daiichi Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd.; Merck KgaA; Degussa-Huls AG; Lonza AG; Nepera Inc.; Reilly Industries; DuCoa LP; Chinook Group Ltd.; Rhone-Poulenc SA; Solvay Pharmaceuticals BV; Aventis SA $911 million €855 million
Water Management Products 2006-2006   No fines imposed €13.7 million
Window Mountings 1997-2007 AGB; Fuhr; Gretsch- Unitas; Hautau; Maco; Roto; Siegenia; Strenger; Winkhaus No fines imposed €85.8 million