|Overall Cartel Period||1988-1996|
|Participants||Bilhar International Establishment; ABB Middle East & Africa Participations AG; American International Contractors Inc.; Philipp Holzmann AG|
|Total Fines (DOJ)||$141 million|
|Total Fines (EC)||No fines imposed|
In the late 1990s, the U.S. Department of Justice (“DOJ”) commenced an investigation into the bidding process for funds tendered by the United States Agency for International Development (“USAID”). USAID funds construction contracts worldwide for which companies place bids. From May 1988 until September 1996, cartel members participated in discussions to control the bidding process for certain USAID-funded construction contracts for wastewater management in Egypt. According to the DOJ, certain cartel members agreed to pay a “loser's fee” of several million dollars to other cartel members in exchange for their agreement to artificially inflate their bids or to refrain from submitting a bid at all.
- The DOJ imposed fines totaling over $140 million on four companies.
- Elmore Roy Anderson, the former president and chief executive officer of Bilhar International Establishment, was sentenced to 36 months in prison, one of the longest prison sentences imposed by the DOJ.
|Company||Conspiracy Period||Fine (USD)||Plea Date||No. of Excluded Individuals||Plea Agreement|
|Bilhar International Establishment||5/98-9/96||$54 million||02/04/2002||N/A|
|ABB Middle East & Africa Participations AG||6/89-9/96||$53 million||04/11/2001||1||
|American International Contractors Inc.||6/88-1/95||$4.2 million||09/07/2000||N/A|
|Philipp Holzmann AG||6/88-1/95||$30 million||08/18/2000||1||